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Phonics Curriculum



Phonics is currently taught at Swinderby All Saints Primary School through the Letters and Sounds framework. This is a document published by the Department of Education and Skills and consists of six overlapping phases. It is a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills and aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right. Children begin the learning in Nursery at Phase 1. They then progress throughout the phases until they reach Phase 6 in Year 2.



Phonic Knowledge and Skills


Phase One (Pre school, nursery)


It is important to note that this phase continues alongside all of the phases and throughout phonics teaching


Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.


Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeks


Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions

Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks


The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.


Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeks


No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.


Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)


Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.


Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)


Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, past and present tense, doubling and dropping letters etc.


Phonics screening check:

The phonics screening check is completed by all Year 1 children in England and is a way for teachers to ensure that children are making sufficient progress with their phonics and are on track to becoming fluent readers. Children complete the screen with their class teachers in June, however the current Year 2 will be completing this in Autumn Term 2 a they missed their check due to COVID.  There is more information about the Year 1 phonics screen and some frequently asked parent and carer questions on the Oxford Owl website.